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Unintentional Learning. The Ways of Its Application

March 2, 2017

Incidental Learning and Its Types

Deliberate learning is learning at school that aimed at certain knowledge, skills, and habits  attainment. Before any task implementation, a teacher develops stages, sets aims and chooses the best activities for the significant lesson aims implementation. It may contain visual aids, yet their purpose is to illustrate information, and make a student focus. Incidental learning happens regardless of place, time and the most important - purpose. Incidental learning is aimless and  student attains additional information while doing some other things, so that kind of knowledge is unconscious. Here are the main types of incidental learning.

 

Asking Questions

Learning unintentionally may simply happen while asking questions. By asking and answering questions, students learn details about any specific phenomenon. Moreover, students may learn while talking to each other, as there is always a smart student who suggests ideas for a lively discussion, and then a number of questions may arise. Or, if a teacher shows relevance of a topic with a real world process, it may evoke a big interest that will force a student to learn more.

 

Games and Posters

Unintentional learning may come after intentional one. That is possible when a teacher sets tasks, after their implementation, suggests games to play in order to eliminate any discrepancies in students’ learning. While playing educational games, students learn uncontrollably. Students do not feel that they learn as there is no need to motivate themselves to learn, and a game does not last for long. Uncontrollable learning happens as well when there are numerous posters with essential information placed on the walls. Students are not forced to learn it, yet looking at it every time they are free makes this learning unconditional.

 

Tech Skills

Either possessing or acquiring technological skills can make the learning process incidental. Thus, when a student obtains refined analytical or critical thinking, it is easier for him/her to cope with any assignments on their way. The process of coming up with any conclusion is not aimed, it is about the stages of thinking over the ideas before making a decision.

 

Benefits of Incidental Learning

Incidental learning happens without instructor, and a student does not need to wait for his/her approval, assessment or opinion, learning itself goes naturally without a strive of students to compete. Also, learners are not pressed for time, and they have enough time to discover peculiarities by themselves. A student can be simply immersed into learning by simply interacting with others.

 

Conclusion:

Unintentional learning is the easiest way of learning that does not require long hours of preparation, and it is not aimed at forcing students to learn, that sometimes could meet resistance. There are several forms of incidental learning that presuppose new things discovery through questions, games and pictures. 

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